Carbetosine, a Long-acting Oxytocin Agonist, as a Uterotonic in the Prevention of the Occurrence of Postpartum Bleeding

  • Revynca Petronella Izaak Universitas Kristen Indonesia


Objective: To evaluate the comparative effect of carbetocin vs. other uterotonic agents in the prevention of the occurrence of postpartum bleeding.

Methods: Medical search engines like Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane are used for literature searches. The year period covered by the literature is 2013–2023. “Carbetocin” or “long-acting oxytocin” and “uterotonic” are the essential words, together with “post-partum hemorrhage” or “post-partum bleeding.” Data analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.4 application.

Results: This study involved 12 clinical trials with a total sample of 32,312 people. Based on forest plot analysis, it was found that patients receiving carbetocin therapy had a risk of developing postpartum bleeding of 0.42 times compared to those receiving other uterotonic agents (misoprostol and oxytocin) (OR: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.26-0.68; p<0.0004; with heterogeneity p<0.00001, I2 85%)

Conclusion: With its effectiveness and efficacy, carbetocin can be considered one modality that can prevent postpartum hemorrhage. In addition, it can benefit women at risk of having a major obstetric hemorrhage.

Keywords: carbetocin, uterotonic, meta-analysis, clinical trial


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